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Is it Assault or Battery? What is the Difference?

Posted on in Criminal Law

b2ap3_thumbnail_Untitled-design-30.jpgThe two terms are frequently substituted for each other with regularity, usually by those who do not really know the difference. The fact is, while similar in nature, criminal charges of assault and battery have distinctive differences in how they are applied and eventual consequences.

Differentiating Between the Two

While both may be justified in the case of defending oneself from a perceived threat, and must have occurred in an intentional manner, there are differences that set a charge of assault from that of battery. Here we list a summary intended to better explain the nuances of both criminal charges.

  • Assault is applied when the victim is threatened or feels threatened, but no physical contact actually occurs.
  • Assault includes an element of implied or impending violence. It may involve both a verbal aspect, as well as an intimidating physical proximity that does not cross the line and become actual physical contact.
  • A battery charge, however, requires that an act of physical contact with intent to cause harm occurs.
  • Battery actually involves assault, but takes the situation to another level by including an act of physical contact, whether or not a weapon is used. An assault does not necessarily involve battery.
  • Assault rarely stands alone, as a threat, by itself, is often difficult to prove. However, if proven, it is a misdemeanor that may carry a fine of as much as $500 and up to 30 days in jail.
  • While also a misdemeanor, battery carries a maximum sentence that may include a $1,000 fine and a jail term of up to 6 months.

In both cases, one may use reasonable force to defend himself, others or property, provided force is first applied by the aggressor.

Aggravating Factors

Both assault and battery include a number of variables that could result in upgraded charges. These primarily include wearing a hood or mask during during the commission, and the display (in the case of  assault) or use (in a battery) of a weapon. Where the act occurs and at whom it is direct can also impact the severity of charges once may face.

Retain the Help of a Knowledgeable Arlington Heights Criminal Defense Attorney

In the event you are arrested for assault or battery, it is important to obtain help from a qualified Illinois violent crime defense lawyer to ensure yourself a thorough and aggressive defense. Scott F. Anderson Attorney at Law understands how charges are filed, and looks for opportunities to help mitigate the consequences one might face. To learn more about the resources available to you just schedule a free consultation by calling  847-253-3400.

 

Sources:

https://www.diffen.com/difference/Assault_vs_Battery

http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs4.asp?ActID=1876&ChapterID=53&SeqStart=21100000&SeqEnd=23000000

 

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